The wucai porcelain is a kind of overglaze decoration porcelain which is made by firing the already-fired plain base painted with a few colorful patterns in the colorful kiln with 770 - 800 degrees Celsius. It features rich colors, with red, yellow, green, blue, purple etc as the basic hue. As it has clear lines and the firing temperature is slightly higher than that of famille rose, and the color not so soft, it is also called "yingcai" (literally, hard color).
Wucai is a new variety of the Jingdezhen Kiln during the Ming and Qing Dynasties. As blue paint did not exist in the Ming Dynasty, blue-and-white took the place where blue color should be presented, hence the name "blue-and-white wucai". It then became a feature peculiar to the age, with wucai in the Jiajing and Wanli Periods as the representatives.
The Wucai fired in Kangxi's reign is the most well-known among all those in the Qing Dynasty. Other than red, green, yellow, brown and purple paints, overglaze blue was newly made to replace underglaze blue-and-white, and golden and black paints were also extensively applied, which added resplendence and flamboyance to its color.
Jiajing Period, Ming DynastyHeight: 19.3cm Mouth diameter: 13.2cm Foot diameter: 11cm
Wanli Period, Ming DynastyHeight: 49.5cm Mouth diameter: 15cm Foot diameter: 17.2cm
Qing DynastyHeight: 58cm Mouth diameter: 19.5cm Foot diameter: 18cm
Ming/Qing DynastyHeight: 44cm Mouth diameter: 22.4cm Foot diameter: 14.2cm
Kangxi Period, Qing DynastyHeight: 44cm Mouth diameter: 12cm Foot diameter: 13cm
Kangxi period, Qing DynastyHeight: 46.5cm Mouth diameter: 12.3cm Foot diameter: 13.2cm
Kangxi period, Qing DynastyHeight: 4.9cm Mouth diameter: 6.7cm Foot diameter: 2.6cm
Kangxi Period, Qing DynastyHeight: 14.2cm Mouth diameter: 18.4cm Foot diameter: 18cm
Kangxi Period, Qing DynastyHeight: 32cm Mouth diameter: 51.5cm Foot diameter: 35.6cm
Yongzheng Period, Qing DynastyHeight: 34.1cm Mouth diameter: 14.6cm Foot diameter: 15.3cm