Chinese Landscape Oil Painting Research
Chinese and Western artists for natural landscapes oil painting have different perspectives, different from the East and the West view of the world and values. Practices on the performance of the artist painting the outside did not, two different cultural systems of different breeds of modeling tools, space and color patterns.
The main form of Chinese oil painting is a means of “lines”. “Line” in China, described the artist’s highly expressive, and many complicated things, full of vitality only by a few of the “line” on it. Artists through the creation of the accumulation of a variety of different “lines” Expressing his mind, described the hearts of a unique landscape. Chinese landscape painting at home to rely on “line” to shape the characteristics of rocks, forming different patterns, “line” as well as cracked rubbing. “Line” in his works is a very important element, “line” Application of a direct impact on the merits of a work.
Western painter painted the eyes of the thing, is to object as a “surface” to understand. Three-dimensional shape the physical sense of “face” is superior to “Line”, “line” in the performance of three-dimensional weak sense, and “face” to make it easier to produce three-dimensional images due to influenza and specific, showing things more easy for the human body will. Chinese painting is different, the Western landscape of the creative artist in order to move closer to the real world, rather than the world Writing chest. Practice in the art to choose a “side” of the performance of the modeling approach. Different modeling approach is a natural expression of different visual effects. The beauty of Western landscape painting by one of the “surface” composed of “noodles” to enhance the use of screen size and realistic sense, it seems that the Western landscape painting Chinese landscape painting than real life, closer to the natural landscape ; and Chinese landscape painting people are against the forces of the inner world.
Modeling on the promotion of the informal in the shape of “Miao-in between may and may not” is a Chinese painting is different from other kinds of important characteristic of painting. Chinese paintings depicted images of the lyric the author’s own feelings, so the Chinese artists are willing to give up the external form of objects, due to the strong feelings of the individual artists and art cut, exaggerated. They will personalize the composition, methods of decoration cleverly combines the enjoyment of people in the United States. Thus, Chinese paintings are not rigidly adhere to a particular time and space requirements are not fully loyal to the incident itself. Sometimes describe the environment completely omitted, bold use of gaps, highlighting the main, and with the audience to associate with the free play of imagination. In addition to the composition of Chinese painting in close connection with the contents of the description of “business location”, but also about the layout of the flat color, line, shape and echo contrast changes, actual situation, density, open and close, ups and downs, character, separation of The corresponding mutual. About ink is another feature of Chinese painting, the so-called ink is not ink on the materials, but the author Regards Via techniques of an art. Chinese Painting of the most wealth to stretch the use of the brush; the use of touch the most sensitive response to moisture changes in the paper, the formation of the Chinese ink painting endless changes. Chinese landscape painting became the home to see the technique of writing the most important artistic creation artistic skills, writing in different ink laws describe different image. The creator of each and every personal style is also characterized ink.
Western painting, including color, shading, line, texture, brushwork, texture, light perception, space, composition and other factors of a number of shapes, such factors can fully express the feelings of the author’s vision. Oil painting materials to provide the full performance of the plane in the second base on the use of the performance of three-dimensional painting techniques possible. Drawing canvas is a skilled artist to use oil painting art materials to express their ideas gradually formed the image of the process of art, oil painting displayed in the language of the United States a unique and real. Western landscape painter in his works on the design and implement their own aesthetic ideology – loyal to the vision, make full use of oil to repeatedly modify the characteristics of real plants reproduce, strongly magnificent display of nature. This painting features a long time in favor of the author observed that the gradual deepening of cross-checking. Therefore, the Western landscape painters created works more natural, more object-oriented “shape.” In short form it is characterized by realism, fully and as objectively as possible the performance of color, as well as minor changes in appearance. Trying to light a sense of different textures in the screen to create a true feeling, such as immersive.
Structure in the space business, the Chinese and Western landscape, or landscape painting differ significantly. Guo Xi in the Song Dynasty that the three hill far: “Since the foot of the mountain peak and the Yang, it means that Gaoyuan; Piedmont and the mountain to see that the far-reaching; Hill and the far hill, it means that Pingyuan.” This is not a concept of physical space, and between heaven and earth is the exposure to the concept of poetic space, with Chinese artists to find the “fugue” mood, the truck is not real life, around. Chinese artists have never been to space on a scientific understanding of the perspective space (although the Southern Song Zong Bing as early as the 5th century AD have been found in the principle of physics perspective). Chinese artists in order to scatter instead of focus lens perspective, this is in the context of Chinese culture and ideas in the visual form of psychological space, the so-called “heart, as.” This aesthetic in the late 19th century the importance attached to it by the West, put forward in the art of breaking the boundaries of time and space in order to broaden the performance of the role of art and function. However, in the landscape before the concept of space western, but it is a different world. • Finch said of the “artists to be ‘in the mirror for the division>” Western artists have been regarded as sacrosanct. Portray the West as the natural landscape is in the “two-dimensional plane of the pursuit of illusory space of realistic three-dimensional space.” Therefore, their understanding of space, that is, awareness of the real space and, through the scientific method is more accurate understanding of space. Western artists is a natural space and landscape in the space served as a vector into the role of artists in China have long been bound from the true nature, “become aware of their own painting to reflect a form of life.” Described their home is not as described by Chinese landscape painting of the space as the universe, very poor, endless changes. Although on the surface close to nature, but not in the hearts and minds together in a natural, after all, is hovering between nature and mind, in order to limit the natural landscape of the park. Of course, such an understanding of the East with a very strong color, as the Western landscape painter does not depict the true nature because there is no natural exchange with the fun, in fact, the West’s natural landscape is not simply a replica of the same tone with the feelings of individuals.
Patterns in color, the Chinese ink landscape painting is mainly as a supplement to color, this simplified method of writing, more in line with the thinking of Confucianism and Taoism in China the kind of insipid pursuit of moderation, heart of the realm of few desires. Although the number of Chinese ink painting, but it is not offensive and exclusion color, and light and heavy water-and-ink rendering of the painting. Six in the “category with the given color”, requiring the artist with the natural images, images of nature through knowledge of the subject color. Ink and color in the relations, a Mexican is mainly supplemented by Israel; the other is not to hinder ink color, ink color does not hinder, each other a non-aggression. Impressionist color and hard to pursue changes in the light of different circumstances, the Chinese landscape painting is only about the difference between the four seasons of natural beauty is only willing to portray the “neither more nor less than.” Oil painting from the religious services, when many well-known artists come to realize a single to Christian themes has been the creation of the outside world can not express their own understanding and awareness of things, they gradually began life at the time of the figures, landscapes, objects to observe and directly portrayed. This not only works of religious subject matter with an obvious factor in the reality of the secular, but also landscape painters later embarked on a completely describe the path of real life. So let’s live the life of the color into the Western landscape, so the Western landscape in color so that the expression of Chinese landscape painting than a stronger visual impact, more real-life color reproduction. Early works only with different images, different textures, different colors to depict; With the development of science and technology, artists are increasingly in depth understanding of light, light and color is also a more profound understanding of, and since then Western landscape richer color expression. Through Monet, Sisley and others more or less works, we can see that the performance of the Western landscape of color and beautiful detail.